An aquarium has a rectangular base that measures 100 \mathrm{~cm} by 40 \mathrm{~cm} and has a height of 50 \mathrm{~cm}. It is filled with water to a height of 40 \mathrm{~cm}. A brick with a rectangular base that measures 40 \mathrm{~cm} by 20 \mathrm{~cm} and a height of 10 \mathrm{~cm} is placed in the aquarium. By how many centimeters does the water rise?

**Answer Choices**

A. 0.5

B. 1

C. 1.5

D. 2

E. 2.5